Orascom Construction Industries Company engages in construction and fertilizer businesses in Egypt, Africa, Asia, Europe, and internationally. It undertakes engineering, procurement, and construction contracts for commercial, industrial, institutional, and infrastructure projects. It also manufactures construction materials, including architectural products comprising glass, aluminum, and paint products; precast concrete pipes and prestressed concrete cylinder pipes for water transmission pipelines and wastewater force mains applications; cement based ready mixed mortars in powdered form for use in the construction industry; gypsum, plaster, and plaster products; decorative paints and industrial coatings; and chemicals for the construction industry. In addition, the company provides waterproofing services for the construction industry; and steel fabrication services, such as cutting, drilling, bending, welding, sand blasting, and painting to customers in the power and energy generation, oil and gas, industrial, transportation, and construction industries. Further, it manufactures nitrogen based fertilizers, such as anhydrous ammonia, granular urea, calcium ammonium nitrate, urea ammonium nitrate, and melamine; distributes, merchandises, and trades fertilizer products, grains, feed ingredients, and energy products; and provides logistical and risk-management services in the agriculture and energy markets. The company was formerly known as El Nasr Civil Works Company and changed its name to Orascom Construction Industries Company in 1976. Orascom Construction Industries Company was founded in 1950 and is headquartered in Cairo, Egypt.