Rosetta Genomics Ltd. develops and commercializes microRNAs based diagnostic tests and therapeutics. MicroRNAs are a group of genes that are produced using instructions encoded in DNA. It offers diagnostic tests, including Rosetta Cancer Origin test, a microRNA-based diagnostic to identify 42 tumor types that include carcinomas, soft tissue tumors, lymphoma, and other malignancies; Rosetta Mesothelioma test to differentiate mesothelioma, a cancer connected to asbestos exposure and other risk factors, from other carcinomas in the lung and pleura; Rosetta Lung Cancer test, a lung cancer classification test for cytology samples; and Rosetta Kidney Cancer test, a microRNA-based kidney tumor classification test for pathology samples. The company also focuses on developing tissue-based microRNA biomarkers for the differential diagnosis of indeterminate thyroid fine needle aspirate samples; blood-based microRNA biomarkers in order to develop a new diagnostic test for early diagnosis and refined risk stratification of patients following myocardial infarction; microRNA-based diagnostic test for the early diagnosis of Alzheimer s disease; and blood- or urine-based microRNA biomarkers to develop a diagnostic test for chronic kidney rejection. It distributes its products primarily in Australia, Canada, Greece, India, Israel, New Zealand, Qatar, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates. The company has a collaboration agreement with Clalit Health Services for the development of a non-invasive microRNA-based assay for the diagnosis of chronic allograft dysfunction or chronic rejection, following kidney transplantation; a strategic alliance with Marina Biotech, Inc. to develop microRNA-based diagnostics and therapeutics for rare diseases; and a collaboration agreement with Biocept, Inc. to evaluate microRNAs from circulating tumor cells. Rosetta Genomics Ltd. was founded in 2000 and is headquartered in Rehovot, Israel.