BlueFire Renewables, Inc., a development-stage company, focuses on developing, owning, and operating carbohydrate-based transportation fuel plants or bio-refineries to produce ethanol in North America. Its bio-refineries would convert organic materials, such as agricultural residues, high-content biomass crops, wood residues, and cellulose from municipal solid wastes into ethanol. The company has a technology license agreement with Arkenol, Inc. to use and sub-license the Arkenol technology that converts cellulose and waste materials into ethanol and other high value chemicals. It also focuses on providing professional services to bio-refineries worldwide. The company was formerly known as BlueFire Ethanol Fuels, Inc. and changed its name to BlueFire Renewables, Inc. in July 2010. BlueFire Renewables, Inc. was founded in 2006 and is based in Irvine, California.